Amerila brunnea (Hampson) ssp. brunnea

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male female male female
Male. Fw length 24-26 mm; fw dark greyish brown, basally slightly paler, and postdiscally the area between the radius and vein m2 transparent; fw veins finely lined with dark scales, a much broader dark streak along the discal vein; hw dark greyish brown at the apex and along the outer margin, central area partly transparent, along the inner margin with a pale yellowish fringe; hw dorsally near the inner margin with long, hair-like, androconial scales, ventrally along the outer margin near the anal angle in many specimens patches of a creamish white secretion (?). Head, thorax, and outer sides of legs pale to dark greyish brown, inner sides of femora and tibiae yellow; tegulae with a single black spot basally. Abdomen dorsally bright yellow, ventrally pale yellowish grey, without obvious androconial organs.
Female. Overall much paler, fw pattern as in male but paler grey; hw weakly scaled, uniformly pale whitish grey, without long hair-like scales. Abdomen dorsally pale yellow, ventrally whitish grey.
Male genitalia
brunnea a.gif (2935 Byte) brunnea b.gif (5732 Byte) brunnea c.gif (1812 Byte) brunnea d.gif (11265 Byte)
view on leftside of vinculum and valva, lateral view inner side of right valva tegumen/uncus, dorsal view aedeagus with vesica everted
Uncus very small, short, triangular, distally with a small, narrow tip. Valvae large, oval-shaped, distally rounded, outer surface with long, extrusible, tube-like coremata; inner sclerotized process short, curved, and distally blunt, with 3-6 larger spines along the outer side. Vesica medially with two areas of many small, parallel cornuti; the larger area with two larger, slightly curved, and numerous smaller, straight cornuti, the other smaller area with many medium-sized straight cornuti.
West, Central, and East Africa; from Sierra Leone to Cameroon, Gabon, and Angola, Zaire, and western Kenya.
In several of the male specimens examined from Zaire, Uganda, and Kenya the fw ground colour is paler grey, but this might also be due to old age. The status of the type material of subvitrea is given by Goodger & Watson (1995: 4) as syntype(s), but the description by Bartel (l.c.) is clearly based on a single male specimen which therefore must be regarded as holotype.
Rhodogastria brunnea Hampson, 1901: 501. Holotype male (examined): R. Niger, Sapele, F.W.Sampson, 29-107. / Rhodogastria brunnea type male. Hmpsn / Type [BMNH]. Type locality: NIGERIA: Sapele.
Rhodogastria subvitrea Bartel, 1903: 209. Synonymized by Hampson (1920: 517). Holotype male (examined): Togo, Fruhstorfer / 41143 / male / 2112(?) / Rhodogastria subvitrea Bartel / Type / Genital-Präparat Nr.92-20, Chr.Häuser / Holotypus, Rhodogastria subvitrea Bartel, 1903, det. Chr.Häuser [MNHU; abdomen dissected]. Type locality: TOGO.
Additional material examined. SIERRA LEONE: vi.-vii.1931 (1 male, BMNH); Seraba (1 male, ZSSM); Northern Province: Free Town, ix.1899 (1 male, BMNH), Pt.Lokho, 1902 (1 female, BMNH). LIBERIA: Nimba, Grassfield, vii.-viii.1967 (1 male, NMKE). Côte d'Ivoire: vii.1978 (1 male, BMNH); Mankono, Marahoue Ranch, 330-400 m, 8.22N 6.23W, 18.-20.xi.1981 (3 males, RS), 20.-30.v.1986 (2 males, 10 females, RS), (10 males, 15 females, RS), (13 males, 14 females, RS), (10 males, 9 females, RS); Daloa, 21.vii.1983, (1 male, ITZA); Badenou, S Mbingue, 9.50N 5.50W, 9.ii.1983 (1 female, RS); Titekro, 20 km E Bouaflé, 7.xii.1983 (1 male, ITZA); Bouafra, 9.vii.1977 (1 male, ZSSM); Tai N.P., 17.xii.1983 (3 males, 3 females, RS), Tai N.P., Station Mata, 5.27N 6.53W, 25.-26.iii.1983 (1 male, 2 females, RS); Bingerville, (1 male, 2 females, BMNH). GHANA: Ashanti: Kumasi-Kwadaso, 300 m, vii.1970 (1 male, 1 female, ZSSM), 29.iv.1995 (2 males, 2 females, MB); Bobiri Forest Reserve, nr Kubease, 14.iv.1995 (1 male, SMNS), 27.iv.1995 (4 males, MB), 8.v.1995 (1 male, MB); Central: Kakum NP, 29.-30.v.1995 (2 males, MB); Eastern: Abetifi, 24.-31.viii.1993 (1 female, LK); Anfoega, 1956 (2 males, AMES), 15.iv.1958 (1 male, AMES). BENIN: Danyi-Apéyéme, xi.1989 (1 male, MB). NIGERIA: Oyo: Ibadan, i.-vi.1954 (2 males, 2 females, ZMUC), Ilesha (1 female, BMNH); Lagos (1 female, BMNH); Bendei: Wari, vii.1897 (1 male, BMNH); Cross River: Ikom, 26.-28.v.1974 (1 male, ZSSM), Ogoja, 29.v.1974 (1 male, ZSSM). NIGERIA/CAMEROON: Owenna, 12.-20.vii.1957 (4 males, 1 female, ZMUC). CAMEROON: Nord: Adamaoua, ca. 20 km S Minim, 6.49 N, 12.52 E, 1200 m, 14.iii.-6.iv.1979 (1 male, BGSS); Bang Manengabu-Geb., 700 m, viii.1910 (1 female, MNHU); Est: Lomié, 4.-7.ix.1962 (2 males, 2 females, NMBZ). GABON: Woleu-N'tem: env. Tchimbele, 24.+26.i.1990 (2 males, ITZA). ZAIRE: Léopoldville, 18.viii.1953 (1 male, MRAC), 21.i.1956 (1 male, MRAC); Kivu: Amakoma, N.W. coast of L.Edward, Grass country, v.1924 (1 , BMNH), Middle Lowa valley, south of Walikali, 24.iii. (1 female, BMNH). UGANDA: Entebbe, Zika Forest, ii.-iv.1961 (1 male, 1 female, NMBZ), vi.1961 (1 male, NMBZ); Ankole, Kalinzu Forest, ix.1961 (1 female, NMKE); Masaka, Katera Sango Bay, x.1960 (1 male, NMKE). KENYA: Kakamega: Kakamega Forest, 2.vii.1980 (1 male, MB), iv.1988 (4 males, 5 females, MB), 1989 (1 male, MB). ANGOLA: Cuanza Norte: Quicolungo, 120 km N. of Lucala, 800 m, iv.1936 (1 female, BMNH).